Black-Chinned Hummingbird, Size, Coloration, Migration, Breeding Areas

The Black-chinned Hummingbird is a small bird native to North and Central America that is often overlooked due to its small size. This hummingbird is the smallest of all long-distance migratory birds in the western hemisphere and is a popular sight in the United States and Mexico.

It is a medium-sized hummingbird. The adult has iridescent bronze-green upperparts, a brilliant violet throat, and a black chin. There is a white band on the lower belly, and the tail feathers are bronzy green with white tips.

The bill is black, and the legs and feet are gray. Females have a greenish wash on their throats and may show some flecks of gray on their chests. Juveniles resemble adults but are duller overall.

Size Assessment of Black-Chinned Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds are one of the fascinating species of birds. With their remarkable speed and agility, they often captivate bird watchers and other admirers of nature.

The Black-chinned Hummingbird is an especially noteworthy species, with an intriguing size assessment that makes them a favorite among many enthusiasts.


The average size of a Black-Chinned Hummingbird is up to 3.5 inches. These birds are considered a small species of hummingbird, with males slightly larger than females. The size of a Black-Chinned Hummingbird can vary depending on its diet, habitat, and age.


The black-chinned hummingbird is a small, migratory bird found in North and Central America. The Black-Chinned Hummingbird’s average wingspan is typically between 4-4.5 inches.

However, there can be some variation in this measurement due to differences in gender, age, and geographical location. The wingspan of the male Black-Chinned Hummingbird is typically larger than the female of the species.


The average weight of the species is approximately 2.3 to 5 grams, making them one of the smallest birds in North America. Males are generally slightly larger than females, typically weighing between 3.5 and 5 grams, compared to the 3.2 to 4.2 grams of females.

Color Appearance of the Black-Chinned Hummingbird

Its distinctive black chin gives it its name, and its colorful plumage is appreciated by birdwatchers everywhere. Color can be an important factor in identifying hummingbirds, and the black-chinned hummingbird is no exception.

Variations Of The Species’ Plumage

The species is highly variable in color and patterning, with males having more vibrant colors than females. The overall coloration of the Black-chinned Hummingbird is typically grayish with some green and blue on the back. The face and throat are usually white, with a black chin and gorget.

The wings and tail are usually grayish-green, but the feathers can be tipped with violet-blue. The species’ underparts are usually a light gray-brown, and its tail feathers are usually a darker green.

Differences In Male And Female Colors

Males possess black throats with a thin, glittering purplish underlayer, while females have pale throats. Both sexes have flanks glossed with a dull metallic green hue. For females, the three outer tail feathers feature broad, white tips.

Seasonal Changes In Coloration

Depending on the season and the bird’s geographical location, the body of the Black-Chinned Hummingbird can appear slightly different in color and shade. For example, the bird’s throat and chin may appear shinier and darker during the summer months than in the colder months.

Migration Patterns of the Black-Chinned Hummingbird     

They migrate to southern California and Arizona in winter. Black-chinned hummingbirds breed in open areas with some trees or shrubs for nesting sites. The female builds a cup-shaped nest of plant fibers, spider webs, and down, often attaching it to a branch near the trunk of a tree.

The Black-Chinned Hummingbird is a small hummingbird native to western North America. These birds have distinctive black chins, and the females and juveniles have green crowns. Every autumn, they migrate south along the Pacific coast and into Mexico, including the Baja peninsula, where they winter.

Black-Chinned Hummingbirds are quite nomadic, and though they generally follow the same migratory paths each year, their movements can be highly variable. For example, some individuals may migrate as far south as Central America, while others may remain in northern Mexico or the southern United States.

Breeding Area of the Black-Chinned Hummingbird

These hummingbirds breed in open woodlands, scrub, desert edges, mountainsides, parks, and gardens from central California to southwest Texas, east to Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. They migrate south to spend the winter in Mexico and Central America.

The Black-Chinned Hummingbird breeds in the western United States, Mexico, and Central America. Its breeding range covers an area from California and Arizona in the United States to northern Mexico and Guatemala in Central America.

During the breeding season, the Black-Chinned Hummingbird builds its nests in shrubs and trees, often near a water source. The nests are usually built in shrubs, trees, or other vegetation that protects them from the weather.

Dietary Habits of Black-Chinned Hummingbirds

Black-chinned hummingbirds are a species of small birds that use a variety of tactics to acquire food. These small birds can hover in the air while they feed and have a variety of dietary habits depending on the season.

During the summer, most of their diet consists of nectar from flowers and small insects such as aphids and mosquitoes. They also consume large quantities of spider eggs and small spiders during the summer and fall.

In winter, Black-Chinned Hummingbirds rely more heavily on insects for sustenance and are known to consume a higher quantity of spiders and other small invertebrates.

You can attract them to your yard by planting native plants that bloom at different times throughout the year, providing food for them throughout their breeding season!

Characteristics of the Black-Chinned Hummingbird

Do Black-Chinned Hummingbirds Change Color?

Do Black-Chinned Hummingbirds Change Color? The hummingbird coloration mystery unveiled reveals fascinating insights. Black-Chinned Hummingbirds, despite their name, have a remarkable ability to change colors. Their iridescent feathers can shift from dark green to vibrant purple, creating a dazzling spectacle. This phenomenon adds another captivating aspect to the already enchanting world of hummingbirds.


The black-chinned hummingbird is a small bird with iridescent plumage. The adult male has a black chin and throat, while the female has a greenish tinge to her plumage. These birds are found in open woodlands and scrublands from Alaska to Mexico.

They migrate to lower elevations in the winter months. Black-chinned hummingbirds breed in areas with flowering plants, such as mountain meadows and desert canyons.

Its ability to perform astounding aerial maneuvers and maintain its tiny size and stunning coloration have made it a favorite of bird watchers worldwide. With its population threatened due to land use and climate changes, it is important that we continue to protect and preserve their habitats.



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