Can You Feed Hummingbirds in the Winter? – Helping Hummingbirds Survive Winter Months

Hummingbirds are a captivating species beloved by bird enthusiasts due to their exceptional physical traits and ability to stay suspended in the air. While they are commonly associated with sunny, balmy weather, it is possible to attract hummingbirds in winter too.

Many hummingbirds migrate to warmer regions for sustenance and shelter during the winter. If you live where hummingbirds are overwintered, you can provide them with a dependable food source by setting up a winter hummingbird feeder.

During the winter months, it is necessary to take extra measures to provide hummingbirds with sustenance. I’ll outline the various steps to attract and feed hummingbirds safely and effectively.

Can You Provide Food Hummingbirds in the Winter?

Yes, you can feed hummingbirds in the winter. The best time to start feeding them is when they migrate south for the winter, typically in September or October. It would be best if you continued feeding them throughout the winter until they begin migrating back north in the spring, usually around March or April.

There are a few things to remember when feeding hummingbirds in the winter. First, make sure your feeder is clean and filled with fresh nectar. Second, watch your local weather forecast and only put out your feeder when temperatures exceed freezing.

If you live where snow and ice are common during winter, you may need to take steps to prevent your feeder from freezing over. If you follow these simple tips, you can enjoy watching hummingbirds all year round!

How Do You Take Care of a Hummingbird During the Winter?

If you’re fortunate enough to have hummingbirds in your vicinity during the harsh winter months, there are some steps you can take to ensure their well-being.

Provide A Reliable Food Source

In winter, it is essential to ensure a reliable food source for hummingbirds, as natural nectar may be scarce. A specialized winter hummingbird feeder designed to prevent the freezing of the nectar is recommended.

To maintain optimal health and safety, cleaning and refilling the feeder regularly and promptly is important.

Keep The Feeder Warm

It is vital to maintain the right temperature of the feeder. Appropriate measures can be taken, like wrapping the feeder with either heat tape or an electric pipe wrap to keep the nectar at a constant temperature.

Alternatively, you may place the feeder in a sheltered area shielded from wind and low temperatures.

Provide Shelter

To supply hummingbirds with suitable winter refuge, homeowners should consider hanging a nesting basket or providing a sheltered area near a feeder. This will provide the birds with a safe and secure resting place to protect them from the elements.

Monitor The Birds

Observing the hummingbirds that come to your feeder in the wintertime is essential. Should you observe that the birds appear listless or frail, this could be an indication of their difficulty in surviving.

In this instance, seeking advice from a wildlife rehabilitator or a local avian specialist on assisting the birds is prudent.

What Do Hummingbirds Consume in the Winter?

Tiny hummingbirds have a reputation for accelerated metabolism and a need for a consistent food source. Unfortunately, when winter arrives, their food sources diminish, posing a hazardous conundrum for their survival.


They primarily draw sustenance from the nectar of flowers, their primary energy source. During the winter months, when flowers are not in bloom, people can provide a source of nutrition for these birds by placing nectar feeders in their backyards.

These feeders contain a sugar solution that approximates the nectar hummingbirds rely on for sustenance.


They rely heavily upon insect matter for the proteins and other essential nutrients required for healthy living. During colder months when these creatures are less abundant, Anna’s hummingbird species have primarily been observed to subsist on insects.

Tree Saps

In winter, hummingbirds may obtain sustenance from sap from trees such as maple and birch. This provides them with a source of sugar and energy. However, it is not a behavior observed in all species of hummingbirds and is likely to occur only in areas with suitable climatic conditions.

How to Offer Foods for Hummingbirds in Winter?

During the winter months, it can be challenging for hummingbirds to find enough food to survive, as many of their primary food sources are scarce or absent. If you want to help support these fantastic birds during the winter, here are some tips on providing food for hummingbirds.

Make Homemade Nectar

Hummingbirds rely heavily on nectar as a food source. Finding fresh flowers or plants that produce nectar in the winter can be challenging. You can easily make homemade nectar by mixing four parts of water with one part of white granulated sugar.

Boil the mixture for a minute or two, then let it cool before filling your feeder. Do not add food coloring, honey, or other sweeteners to the nectar, as these can harm hummingbirds.

Offer High-Calorie Foods

In addition to nectar, hummingbirds require protein-rich insects and spiders to maintain their energy levels. During the winter, it can be difficult for hummingbirds to find enough insects to sustain themselves. You can supplement their diet by offering high-calorie foods such as mealworms or fruit flies.

These can be purchased at many pet stores or online and are an excellent source of protein for hummingbirds.

Keep Your Feeder Clean

Keeping your hummingbird feeder clean is essential to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria and mold. Clean your feeder at least once a week by washing it with hot, soapy water and rinsing it thoroughly.

Additionally, replace the nectar in your feeder every three to four days or more frequently if the temperature is warm or the nectar becomes cloudy.

Take care of Hummingbirds During the Winter

Do Hummingbirds Need Assistance to Survive in Cold Weather?

Hummingbirds in cold weather face unique challenges due to their small size and fast metabolism. These birds have adapted to survive by entering torpor, a state of greatly decreased activity, during cold nights. Torpor helps conserve energy, but providing assistance like nectar feeders or heated bird baths can further support their survival during harsh winters.


Providing food for hummingbirds during the winter months is possible with the right care and attention. You can ensure their survival during the colder season by offering a reliable food source, keeping the feeder warm, providing shelter, and monitoring the birds.

It’s important to remember that hummingbirds consume nectar, insects, and tree saps in the winter. So it’s essential to offer a variety of high-calorie foods. You can make homemade nectar and offer other high-calorie options like mealworms and suet.

This is crucial to keep your feeder clean to avoid the growth of harmful bacteria that can harm the birds. Overall, with the right preparation and care, you can enjoy the beauty of hummingbirds year-round and ensure their well-being during the colder months.



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