Species Of Hummingbirds New England Region – Tiny Jewels of New England

Hummingbirds are not native to New England; a few species can be seen during their seasonal migration from Central and South America to the southern U.S. and Mexico.

The most commonly observed species in the region is the Ruby-throated Hummingbird, which is easily identifiable by its deep green feathers and ruby-colored throat. On rare occasions, birders may also catch glimpses of the Rufous, Calliope, or Black-chinned Hummingbirds.

These graceful birds are a joy to behold, and attracting them to your yard is possible. However, knowing the proper techniques to do so without endangering the birds is essential.

Different Types of Hummingbird Species in the New England Region

They are found in many habitats worldwide, including the New England region of the United States. The New England region is home to several species of hummingbirds, each of which has unique behaviors and characteristics.

Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

The New England region is home to various hummingbird species, the most common of which is the Ruby-throated Hummingbird. This species is native to the area and is the only type of hummingbird known to breed in the region.

It is easily recognizable by its distinct ruby-red throat, which is most visible when the bird is in flight. This hummingbird species are known to feed on the nectar of flowers, and it also has a strong preference for insects and spiders as a source of protein.

Length:       7 to 9 cm

Wingspan:  8 to 11 cm

Weight:       3-4 gm

Diet:            Nectar and insects

Rufous Hummingbird

This hummingbird species is native to western North America and is commonly seen in the northwestern states, Alaska, and western Canada. However, it is becoming increasingly common for Rufous Hummingbirds to migrate eastward, and they are now regularly seen in the New England region during the spring and summer months.

Length:       7 to 9 cm

Wingspan:  Up to 11 cm

Weight:       2-5 gm

Diet:            Nectar and insects

Calliope Hummingbird

It is native to the New England region and the smallest of the hummingbirds in the United States. It is easily identified by its bright red and green plumage and its distinctive call.

This is one of the most common species in the New England region and is often observed hovering around flowers to feed on their nectar.

Length:       8 to 9 cm

Wingspan:  10.5 to 11 cm

Weight:       2.3-3.4 gm

Diet:            Nectar and insects

Black-chinned Hummingbird

The New England region is teeming with different species of hummingbirds. One of the most commonly seen species of hummingbird is the Black-chinned Hummingbird. This hummingbird species is known for its small size and dark green back and wings. Its head and throat are black, and its tail is forked.

Length:       Up to 9 cm

Wingspan:  Up to 11 cm

Weight:       2.3-4.9 gm

Diet:            Nectar and insects

Best Time to See Hummingbirds in New England Region

The New England region is an ideal place to witness the enchanting beauty of hummingbirds. The best time to observe the hummingbirds in this region is during the late spring and early summer months, specifically from April to July.

During this time, the northern variety of hummingbirds is most abundant as they migrate through the region and head north to their breeding grounds. This is also when the variety of hummingbirds native to the area, such as the ruby-throated hummingbird, are most active and visible.

The best time of day to see these delightful birds is usually in the early morning or late afternoon. This is because hummingbirds are most active when the flowers they feed on bloom.

What Do  Hummingbirds Consume?

Hummingbirds are celebrated for their deftness, vivacity, and singular physique, and sustaining their vigorous lifestyle necessitates a particular diet. Generally, nectar is the primary ailment, though they also digest insects and sap from plants.


These avians primarily rely on nectar as a nutrient, furnishing them with the sugars and energy required to sustain their energetic metabolisms. They can acquire nectar from various flowers, and their elongated, narrow bill is particularly well-suited for extracting the nectar from within the floral organs.


They rely on nectar and insects for their nutrition, as insects supply essential proteins and other essential nutrients for sustaining life. Typical insect prey for hummingbirds include spiders, gnats, and fruit flies.

Tree Saps

Hummingbirds of certain species can utilize tree saps as a form of sustenance. The saps, laden with energy and sugar, are accessible to the birds, with their pointed beaks used to penetrate the tree bark. This is an effective solution for when nectar is unavailable.

How Can You Attract Hummingbirds to Your Yard?

Attracting hummingbirds to your outdoor space can be an incredibly enjoyable experience. These alluring creatures can bring great joy when watching them flutter around your backyard.

To ensure they make a home in your yard, you must take the necessary steps to meet their needs and create the perfect environment for them. Providing a reliable food source; hummingbirds love sugary items, so that you can set up feeders with sugar water or hummingbird food.

It’s important to keep the feeders clean and full, especially during the summer when they require much nourishment. In addition, planting flowers like columbine, bee balm, salvia, and petunia can offer a natural source of nectar for the birds to feed from.

Exploring the Fascinating World of Hummingbirds

Are There any Hummingbird Species that Overlap between the Western Region and the New England Region?

In the vast beauty of North America, hummingbirds in western skies grace the landscapes with their vibrant presence. While some species are found exclusively in the western region, certain hummingbird species overlap and venture into the breathtaking New England region. This unique cross-region encounter captivates bird enthusiasts, as these tiny creatures bring a touch of western charm to the eastern realms.


There are many different kinds of hummingbirds found in the New England region. The most common species are the Ruby-throated Hummingbird, the Black-chinned Hummingbird, and the Calliope Hummingbird.

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is the most commonly seen type in New England. They are small birds with iridescent green feathers on their back and a white chest with some red streaks.

The diversity and beauty of the hummingbird species inhabiting the New England region are remarkable. Each species has adapted to its specific environment, offering a unique glimpse into how nature works.


  • https://extension.umaine.edu/publications/7152e/
  • https://sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/BirdObserver32.1_Page12-24-Fall%202003%20Migration%20of%20Ruby-throated%20Hummingbirds%20in%20New%20England_Sharon%20Stichter.pdf
  • https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/CSC/1_Dockets-medialibrary/Petition_980/prefiled/DettmersRosenburgpl0910pdf.pdf

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