What Temperature Can Hummingbirds Survive?

Hummingbirds are found in various parts of the world, from South America to North America. They are known for their ability to hover in one place and fly backward, which is a unique feat among birds. However, despite their impressive abilities, the temperatures hummingbirds can withstand are limited.

Hummingbirds can survive temperatures down to around 40°f (4°c). These tiny birds can remarkably adapt to changing temperatures and can handle both hot and cold weather.

In this article, I will explore the temperatures that hummingbirds can survive and how they adapt to changing weather conditions.

What’s The Ideal Temperature for Hummingbirds to Survive?

Hummingbirds are incredibly resilient birds that have adapted to survive in a variety of environments. However, when it comes to temperature, these tiny birds do have specific requirements.

Hummingbirds can survive in a range of temperatures, from 40°f to 100°f, but they are most comfortable in temperatures between 50°f and 80°f.

If the temperature drops below 40°f, hummingbirds can enter into a state of torpor, which is similar to hibernation, to conserve energy. On the other hand, if the temperature exceeds 100°f, hummingbirds may struggle to find enough water to stay hydrated.

To ensure the survival of these tiny birds, it’s important to maintain an ideal temperature range and provide plenty of water sources. By taking these steps, we can help hummingbirds thrive in a variety of environments.

What Happens When Hummingbirds Can’t Cope with Temperature Extremes?

When hummingbirds are unable to cope with temperature extremes, several detrimental effects can occur.

Hummingbirds are small birds with high metabolic rates and are particularly sensitive to temperature changes. Here are some potential consequences when hummingbirds cannot cope with temperature extremes:

Heat Stress

Hummingbirds have a fast metabolism that generates considerable heat. They may struggle to regulate their body temperature in hot weather or high-temperature environments.

When exposed to excessive heat, hummingbirds can experience heat stress, which can lead to dehydration, increased heart rate, respiratory distress, and even heat stroke. They may exhibit signs of distress such as open-mouthed panting, wings held away from the body, or reduced activity.


Hummingbirds rely on nectar as their primary source of nutrition and require a significant amount of fluid intake to sustain their high metabolic rate. In extreme heat, nectar sources may dry up or become less accessible, leading to dehydration.

Dehydration can have severe consequences for hummingbirds, impacting their overall health, energy levels, and ability to sustain flight.

Reduced Foraging Opportunities

Extreme temperature conditions can negatively impact the availability of nectar-producing flowers, which are vital food sources for hummingbirds. In extreme heat or cold, certain flower species may bloom less or die off, resulting in reduced foraging opportunities for hummingbirds.

This can lead to food scarcity and nutritional deficiencies, further compromising their health and survival.

Cold Stress

While hummingbirds are known for their ability to withstand cold temperatures to some extent, they have their limits. Hummingbirds may struggle to maintain their body temperature and energy reserves in extremely cold weather.

Cold stress can lead to hypothermia, reduced mobility, and decreased food availability. In severe cases, prolonged exposure to cold temperatures can be fatal for hummingbirds.

Disrupted Migration Patterns

Temperature extremes can disrupt the natural migration patterns of hummingbirds. If they encounter extreme weather conditions along their migratory routes, they may face challenges in finding suitable habitats, food sources, and adequate shelter.

This can impact their ability to complete their migration successfully and can have long-term consequences for their survival and reproductive success.

How to Take Care of Hummingbirds during Cold?

Taking care of hummingbirds during cold weather is crucial to help them survive and thrive.

While hummingbirds have adaptations that enable them to withstand cooler temperatures to some extent, there are steps you can take to support them during cold conditions. Here’s how to take care of hummingbirds during cold weather:

Provide a Reliable Food Source

Hummingbirds have high metabolic rates and require a consistent source of energy, especially in cold weather. Maintain hummingbird feeders filled with fresh nectar solution.

Increase the concentration of the solution slightly during colder periods to provide additional calories. It’s important to regularly clean and refill the feeders to prevent the nectar from freezing or becoming spoiled.

Use a Heater or Heat Source

Consider using a heater or heat source near the feeder to prevent the nectar from freezing in extremely cold temperatures. Several commercially available options, such as heated hummingbird feeders or heated perches, can help keep the nectar from freezing.

These devices provide a warm spot for hummingbirds to feed and can be particularly beneficial during freezing temperatures.

Provide Shelter and Roosting Options

Hummingbirds need shelter from cold winds and precipitation. Create a sheltered environment by placing hummingbird feeders and plants near trees, shrubs, or structures that offer protection from the elements.

Also, consider installing roosting perches or small shelters, such as mesh bags or nest boxes, where hummingbirds can seek refuge from the cold.

Minimize Disturbances

During cold weather, it’s essential to minimize disturbances and stress for hummingbirds. Avoid unnecessary handling or getting too close to their feeding areas.

Excessive disturbance can cause hummingbirds to expend precious energy reserves crucial for survival during cold conditions.

Monitor and Adjust the Feeding Schedule

Pay attention to the activity level of hummingbirds and adjust the feeding schedule accordingly. In colder temperatures, hummingbirds may need to feed more frequently to maintain their energy levels.

Monitor the nectar consumption and refill the feeders as needed to ensure a constant food source is available.

Avoid Heat Sources

While providing warmth through heated feeders or perches is important, avoid placing heat sources directly near the hummingbird feeders. The heat source should create a warm environment without risking harm to the birds or causing damage to their feathers.

Prevent Freezing Water Sources

Hummingbirds also need access to water for drinking and bathing. Ensure water sources, such as birdbaths or shallow dishes, are not frozen. Regularly check and replace frozen water with fresh, clean water.

Do Hummingbirds Need to Fly Constantly to Survive in Cold Temperatures?

Hummingbirds are resilient creatures known for their ability to hover in mid-air while feeding. To survive in cold temperatures, they maintain their high metabolic rate and heart rate by constantly flying. This constant flight keeps their body temperature regulated and allows them to conserve energy. So, to answer the question of how long hummingbirds can fly, it is a crucial component of their survival strategy in cold climates.


As the tiniest birds on the planet, hummingbirds have evolved certain characteristics to survive in a variety of environments. Temperature regulation is key to their survival, as they cannot tolerate extreme changes in temperature. Yet, they can endure cooler temperatures better than extremely hot ones.

Some species have adapted to living at high elevations, where temperatures can dip below freezing, and they survive by lowering their body temperature and slowing their metabolism. Just provide hummingbirds adequate food, water, and shelter during the hot summer months, as they need to maintain their energy levels for survival.

It’s also crucial to keep your feeders clean to avoid the spread of disease, which can be fatal for these tiny creatures. Understanding the environmental factors that allow hummingbirds to survive can lead to better conservation efforts and appreciation for their unique adaptations.


  • https://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/HUMNETf/coldhummers.html
  • https://www.boisestate.edu/ibo/2019/11/17/have-you-seen-a-winter-hummingbird/
  • https://source.wustl.edu/2023/03/hummingbirds-use-torpor-in-varying-ways-to-survive-cold-temps/

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